Blog 9: How would the loss of the Great Barrier Reef, the bulldozing of traditional cultures, and the pollution dumped into the Pacific Ocean affect tourism and development in the Pacific Region?

The loss of the Great Barrier Reef would be a devastating blow to the Pacific Region. The Great Barrier Reef is home to a wide diversity of sea life that attracts people all over to world to come and see this stunning piece of nature. The reef slowly being lost will cause tourism to decrease in the Pacific Region. Many people travel to the Pacific Region to experience the culture that is there, but with the bulldozing of the cultures traditions many people will stop visiting. Pollution in the Pacific Ocean is another element that will affect the number of people who visit the Pacific Region. All these factors will decrease tourism in the Pacific Region causing the region to lose out on all the money it makes from tourist. The declining of money coming into the region will affect the development of the Pacific Region.

Blog 8: How have migration flows to Latin America since 1500 created a complex set of racial identities in the region?

Many people have been migrating to Latin America since 1500. People migrate to Latin America because they see the countries there as being welcoming, and they believe they will have more opportunities there. Each immigrant brings a part of their culture that makes Latin America rich in its diversity of people. Latin America is full of people who speak different languages, believe in different things, and have their own set of customs. Since there is so much diversity, there is a new generation rising that is even more culturally diverse. All the different people living in Latin America makes it have its own complex racial identity. The languages, religions, and customs of different cultures living in Latin America only add to its diverse identity.

Blog 7: The movement to post-Fordist production in the automobile industry has meant a massive loss of jobs in Detroit. As a result, Detroit has approximately 90,000 vacant or abandoned houses and residential lots. What can Detroit do to encourage development and make the city vibrant again?

The Fordist movement in Detroit produced a lot of jobs making it an ideal place for people to move in order to make a better living. People would move causing a need for a lot of houses and apartments to be built. After the Ford production shut down, many people were left without a job and a means to support themselves and their family. People were unable to pay house payments and fell into poverty. It is very sad that a once vibrant and productive city is now thought of as a very poor and crime ridden city. I believe that one way Detroit can get rid of vacant or abandoned houses and residential lots is for it to build programs that will pay workers to clean up and rebuild these areas. This would offer Detroit residences a chance to get a job to support their families. These programs could also benefit the financially troubled city because with new clean lots for sale big business could come and buy these lots and bring their businesses to Detroit. Not only would the city make money off of selling the property, but they could make money off the taxes they could receive from the companies. The houses that are fixed up could attract new buyers to move to Detroit as well. The lots could also attract apartment building companies that could build new apartments on the old empty lots. Overall I believe that the once great city of Detroit can rebuild its reputation and make it look as beautiful as it once did.

Blog 6: What are the American culture wars? (Chapter 10 How Soccer Explains the World)

In chapter 10 “How Soccer Explains the American Culture Wars” in How Soccer Explains the World, culture war is described as “the battle over textbooks, abortion, prayer in school, affirmative action, and funding of the arts”. Culture war was also used to described America as being divided in the red and blue America. In this chapter, the American culture war is mostly about people who are far soccer and those who are against it. Some people believe that soccer is a great sport with a rich history that their children should be involved in. Parents would be willing to drive long distances and put in a lot of time for their child to be able to play soccer such as the parents of the narrator. Most parents saw soccer as a great sport that could boast their children’s social skills while making sure they were not in a position to be seriously injured. On the other hand, there were people who did not care for soccer. Some people saw soccer as a lesser sport because it did not require as much physical contact as football. Others did not agree with it because it was non-American. Soccer was seen as an European sport not an American one such as baseball.  Tom Weir a writer for the USA Today’s stated that “hating soccer is more American than apple pie, driving a pickup, or spending Saturday afternoons channel surfing with the remote control”. The culture war in this chapter was about those willing to bring in European influence to America versus those who wanted America to be purely American influenced.

Blog 5: Give a brief explanation of the chapter. (Chapter 6 How Soccer Explains the World)   

Chapter six “How Soccer Explains the Black Carpathians” of How Soccer Explains the World is about Nigerian soccer players who were brought to play for Ukraine’s soccer clubs. Edward Anyakegh and Samson Godwin were both Nigerian soccer players that the Ukraine team Karpaty Lviv purchased to play for them. At the time when Edward Anyakegh and Samson Godwin were bought to play for Karpaty Lviv, Ukraine was going through a phase where Nigerian soccer players were a fad. Teams in Ukraine would have to recruit a Nigerian to play for them to be considered a respectable and powerful team.The Nigerian soccer players face some difficult situations playing on the Ukraine team. Edward and Samson had to deal with racism. Since black people were not a common site in Ukraine, many of the people in Ukraine did not know how to interact with them. They also had to adjust to playing and practicing in polar opposite conditions than what they had grown up playing in. Ukraine weather will fall way below freezing while Nigeria has a lot warmer weather. The two Nigerian soccer players also had to learn and adjust to play soccer in a different way. The Karpaty Lviv play soccer with strategy, force, and long passes. Nigerian soccer players are more free while playing. The Nigerian soccer players use fancy footwork, short passes, and quick thinking. Even though the two players, especially Edward Anyakegh, face difficulties and wish to join a different team, they do not allow the hardships they face stop them from playing the game they love.

Blog 4: What is a Top Hat and how does soccer explain the survival of such? (Chapter 5 How Soccer Explains the World)   

In chapter 5 “How Soccer Explains the Survival of the Top Hats” of How Soccer Explains the World, top hats are sometimes referred to as the Cartolas. Top hats are fraudsters who work for the Brazilian soccer teams. The top hats claim they receive no pay for their contribution to the clubs. They profess that they work for the teams for the sole purpose of supporting their favorite club. The Cartolas put up the caring and selfless facade to cover up that they are stealing the soccer club’s money to pay for their own personal selfish needs and wants. Their scams do not end with them stealing money from their soccer club, but they also use clever tricks to convince people into giving donations to their made up organizations. Top hats are despised and considered untrustworthy by many people in Brazil, but sadly they run and control much of the country due to their influence with the Brazilian soccer clubs. Violence has broken out due to people agreeing and disagreeing about the way the top hats run the Brazilian soccer clubs. The Cartolas have caused corruption to spread all over Brazil. Due to the violence and corruption, Brazilian players are leaving to join any foreign country teams that will take them. Brazilian players will take pays that were less than their pay in Brazil just so they don’t have to go back to the corrupted and violence ridden country. It is sad to think that the players have to leave their home country in order to escape the corruption and violence going on in their country.

Blog 3: What is the main theme of this chapter? (Chapter 2 How Soccer Explains the World)

The main theme of chapter two of How Soccer Explains the World is religious differences. This chapter discusses Franklin Foer’s experiences with two different soccer teams, the Glasgow Rangers Football Club and the Glasgow Celtic Football Club. The Rangers were once a completely Protestant soccer team, but now only the fan base seems to be made out of mostly loyal Britain Protestants. The Celtic fan base on the other hand is mostly an assembly of Irish Catholics. These two teams represent an unfinished fight that has been going on for a long time, the Protestant Reformation. This fight is about the Protestants trying to reform Catholic beliefs. Because of the reformation, the Protestants and Catholics do not get along very well. This is further proven by the gruesome and hate filled chants they shout to one another at soccer games. The dislike for one another does not stop with just the hateful chants but expands to the use of deadly force. This hate does not end at the stadium, but follows many of the fans home. Most fans have to be careful where they go and watch out where they are when wearing a certain color. These two soccer teams’ fans may be able to shout and display their hate for each other any way they like at the safety of the stadium, but once they get home they must be careful on how they express themselves in order not to appear to be a target for the opposing religious group to attack.

Blog 2: Using Chapter 1 from How Soccer Explains the World… How does nationalism manifest itself through the game in this reading? 

In chapter one of  How Soccer Explains the World, nationalism is manifested through the dedication fans have of their country’s soccer team. Soccer is one of the few sports that can be found all over the globe, so fans have a lot of pride for their country’s soccer team. Each teams wishes to show that they are truly the dominant country by having their soccer team win. Some countries show their dedication more than others. The Serbians are a great example of this. The Red Star Belgrade soccer team is a source of great pride for the Serbians, who take soccer very seriously. Gangs have been established to enforce their nation’s belief that their soccer team is superior over the opposing team. Much like an army is used to intimidate other foreign countries, the gangs are used to intimidate opposing foreign teams. The Ultra Bad Boys are a great example of this. Even though this gang does not use guns, they still use violence to enforce their superiority over the other team’s fans. They are so willing to prove their point that they would dress in the opposing team’s jersey and make friends with their fans. Once the game was over, they would take their new friend and violently abuse them. Also this gang likes to show it nationalism toward its soccer team, by having a “big red tattoos of their gang name on their calves” the same color as their countries soccer team. The Serbs show their nationalism by wearing their nation’s soccer team’s color as well as making gangs that enforce their nation’s dominance through violence.

Introduction of Samantha Lopez

Hi, my name is Samantha Lopez. I am the oldest of three children. I have two younger brothers. Their names are Cross and Trey. Cross is 14 years old, and Trey is 11. I am 17 years old, and I will be a senior this coming year at Sundown High School. I play tuba for the Pride of the Oil Patch Marching Band. I also throw shot put and disc during the spring for the school’s track and field team. I plan to graduate high school and go to South Plains College for a year. After I graduate from South Plains with my associates, I will transfer to Lubbock Christian University where I hope to graduate with a bachelor degree. I plan to get my degree in early childhood education. I love children and am excited by the fact that once I graduate with my degree I can give something as important as education to a child. I want to teach any grade between Pre-K and 3rd grade. I have two dogs. My oldest dog is a five-year old Siberian Husky named Koda, and my other dog is a one year old German Shepherd Lab mix named Buddy. I enjoy reading novels and binge watching Supernatural, Grey’s Anatomy, and Criminal Minds when I have free time. I love listening to all shorts of music. My favorite band to listen to right now is Twenty One Pilots. My favorite type of food is Italian, and my favorite color is purple.